Different Types of Irrigation Systems

There are two known ways to water vegetation or plants: rainwater and irrigation. There are three if you count manually watering the plants by the use of hose or buckets. Those would be fine if the area you will cover is smaller. If not, then you will probably spend the whole day watering plants.

Rainwater or rain-fed farming is the natural way of farming using direct water from the rain. This means you won’t have to spend on anything related to watering. But the downside to this method is the constancy of rain. It doesn’t always rain. Some days rain may be consistent. But some days will have clear skies and have no forecast of rain. Waiting for it for too long will endanger plant life.

Irrigation is the artificial method of applying water to soil. Several systems of tools will be used: tubes, pumps, sprays, motors, etc. Irrigation systems are used especially in areas where drought or dry season is expected. There are many sources of water for irrigation systems such as surface water, groundwater, reservoirs, springs, lakes, rivers, or even treated wastewater. Because of this, farmers need to protect the water system they are using in order to control potential contamination.

Irrigation systems are usually referred to how they distribute water on an area. Here we list some types of
Surface Irrigation

This type of irrigation does not require mechanical pumps. Water is distributed throughout the land area by gravity.

1. Drip Irrigation

This a localized irrigation system where water is dropped near or the root of the plant. This is particularly favored by many because it allows faster absorption of water and prevents evaporation.

2. Sprinkler Irrigation

Overhead guns or sprinklers with high pressure distribute water from a primary location in the field or from moving plates.

3. Localized Irrigation

Localized irrigation uses a network of pipes to distribute water under low pressure to each crop or plant.

4. Lateral Move Irrigation

Lateral move irrigation uses a set of pipes with wheels and sprinklers each, to effectively distribute water. The wheels are rotated manually or with a mechanism. The sprinklers will then move and cover an area with a specific distance. For the next distance it will cover, the hose will have to be reconnected. This type of irrigation system is laborious but is less expensive compared to others.

5. Pivot Irrigation

Sprinklers are attached to wheeled towers and distribute water in a circular manner. This irrigation type is prevalent in flat farms and areas.

6. Sub Irrigation

With this irrigation system, a water table is raised above the ground by way of canals, gates, pumps, and ditches. This irrigation type is most efficient in areas with elevated water tables.

7. Manual Irrigation

This type requires your strength, endurance, and patience to water the field. Since this is manual labor, you will need watering cans, pails, buckets, or a hose. This type is taxing if you are to water a large surface area. But if you are only watering the plants in your garden, then this will be a great option.

Irrigation systems are a great investment for farms or even for your landscape. If you already own one, consider maintaining it well. Contact Irrigation Repair Austin or your local contractor in your area.